The REALISM IN PORTUGAL AND BRAZIL 10.1.REALISMO IN PORTUGAL (1865-1890): It does not remain doubt of that the Realism in Portugal was born with the call Coimbr Question. In Lisbon the Romantic generation was commanded by Feliciano de Castilho, always faithful to the chain. In Coimbra a group if kept on to the Realism of Antero de Quental. The partisans of Antero de Quental, waited the chance to attack the partisans of Castilho. Each group defended its style. In l865 Castilho, in a psfcio, it placed in the Poem of the Youth of Pine Chagas, a small reference the Coimbra, affirming to lack &#039 to it; ' good common-sense and gosto' ' , nominally saying the names of Tefilo Braga and Antero de Quental. The fact is that Antero de Quental if found offended and was how much was enough to inflame a revolutionary ardor of the youth, that waited a moment to publish its ideals.

In reply the Castilho, Antero writes in aggressive terms in an open letter: ' ' Good common-sense and gosto' '. The question continued. The public lectures of l87l had been displayed and debated several tending questions to the definition of the lines of direction of new literature. The Realistic generation, also known for generation of l870, inaugurated in Portugal the primate of science and the Positivismo and accepted and spread out the revolutionary theories concerning history and of the culture. The time was crossed by 3 literary schools: The Realist, the Naturalist and the Parnasiana. In Portugal he did not have a clear separation between these three schools. The Realism in Portugal took care of more the designs of the social revolution and politics. 10.2.POESIA REALISTIC – POETS AND WORKMANSHIPS the poetry is pragmatic, serving the verse of combat weapon, of social reform and politics. The revolutionary direction was the characteristic trace of the Realistic poetry.