Indian National Congress

It is distinguished, in this period, the Great Riot that if it transformed into civil war, provoking the loss of Delhi and Lucknow and constituting serious threat to the British domain. The rebellion of native army of the cipaios (welded Indian that served in the army of the British Company of Eastern India), in Cane, in 1857, it culminated with retaken British of Delhi and the end of the government exerted for the Company. In 1858, the British crown assumed the direct responsibility for the government of the colony; the queen Victory was proclaimed empress of India and started the period of the vice-kingdoms. She did not have, however, a formal domination of all India (what she would understand herself for a colonizador process), as well as also she happened with China and Japan. In the level of the administration, to the side of 15 provinces managed directly for governors, under the superior authority of a vice-king, ones 600 existed ' ' states nativos' ' (native states), governed for the respective maharajahs, rajs (under the English supervision) etc.

' ' concesses' ' ' ' territories arrendados' ' they predominated in China. In 1885, fruit of periods of initiated economic crisis in the decade of 1870 (hunger, epidemics, revolts peasants, I occasion of nationalism), established the Party of the Indian National Congress, when not yet it was said in independence (under strong influence of ' ' ocidentalistas' '). The mobilization of the masses against the settling, at the beginning of century XX, was led by the ideas of a bonanza man, the least under the strategist vision politician, ' ' mahatma' ' Gandhi, influential defender of ' ' Satyagraha' ' , it searchs incessant of ' ' verdade' ' , and of ' ' Ahimsa' ' (principle of the not-aggression, not violent form of protest, for example, ' ' swadeshi' ').